Celebrate Gudi Padwa- Festival celebration is an inseparable event from the lifestyle of Indians. This study is proposed to explain the scientific approach towards the Indian festivals to promote good health and to overcome the wrong beliefs of mythological stories to particular festivals.
Indian culture is having great diversities in traditions and customs. It could be due to
geographical distribution. Maharashtra also follow its own customs & traditions and celebrate festivals for the acceptance of this environmental changes to maintain sound health rather than follow rituals and beliefs on mythological stories.
So, while celebrating festivals one should follow the regimen of ritu sandhi according
to desha (land).
Celebrate Gudi Padwa
According to Ayurveda one year is divided into six seasons. One season comprises of two months and also whole year is divided into two Ayana i.e. Uttarayana (the period when sun is seen traversing to the north of equation) and Dakshinayana (the period when the sun is
seen traversing to the south of the equator).
Uttarayana is also called as Adanakala (period of extraction). Adanakala takes away human strength day by day. Three consecutive seasons Shishira (Extreme winter), Vasanta (spring) and Grishma (summer) comprise Uttarayana. Dakshinayana is also called
as Visargakala. (Period of discharge).
Visargakala gives back vitality and strength or body gains strength during this period. The seasons of Varsha (Rainy), Sharada (Autumn) and Hemanta (Early winter) comprise Dakshinayana.
Celebrate Gudi Padwa- ADANAKALA:
During this period, the sun is above the north of equator, the earth has decreased moisture content, and the air becomes dry. The atmosphere changes, affect human body causing a gradual decrease in vitality and strength. Since it takes away strength, the period is known as Adanakala.
Celebrate Gudi Padwa- VISARGAKALA:
During this period sun is seen moving in southern direction from east to west and hence called Dakshinayana. During this period, Sun is above the south of the equator. The earth is blessed with increase in the moisture content, the body will be supple and strong. Thus it is held that this period is Visarga Kala, as the sun “lets out” strength to the organism.
Gudi Padwa is the New Year festival celebrated in Maharashtra and it also stands for the Neem festival. Gudi Padwa marks the first day of the Chaitra month in the Hindu calendar and signifies many things including the first day of spring and according to the Brahma Purana, it signifies the beginning of life, after a big catastrophe swept out life, and there was a regeneration of sorts as a boon granted by Lord Brahma. Many people also believe that this is the day that Lord Rama returned from Lanka after completion of 14 years of his banishment. According to the Hindu calendar, the sun is vertically above the position of intersection between the equator and meridian.
People in Maharashtra say that Chhatrapati Shivaji started to celebrate this day to mark his victories and hoist a coloured saffron flag (gudi) as a gesture. The Gudi is a new kalash which is donned with a yellow or saffron cloth and hoisted up against the house for every passerby to witness and is also considered a sign of prosperity.
Neem and Gudi Padwa also has a great significance in Ayurveda. This is the time when the Kapha accumulated in the body gets out due to the sun and consumption of Neem is recommended as this eliminates Kapha and purifies blood. Gud or Jaggery also acts as a catalyst and helps the Neem’s actions!
People wake up early in the morning, take a bath and don new clothes and perform Pooja. They make a Rangoli in front of the house to ward off negative vibrations and prepare a mixture consisting of all 6 tastes mainly of Neem and Jaggery to signify the many rollercoaster events in our life and this is depicted by the different tastes like bitter, sweet, salt, sour, spice, astringent and tang which in turn represents the different types of experiences.